Oriel Jean, former President Aristide’s security chief, was gunned down on March 2 in Delmas, Haiti. The popular belief in Haiti is that the murder is linked to his upcoming testimony against former President Aristide in Haitian court. Aristide is facing trial for money laundering and the murder of Haitian journalist, Jean Dominique, in 2000. The evidence in Jean’s murder investigation points to a premeditated strike. Police sources told reporters from Le Nouvelliste, Haiti’s national newspaper, that this killing was well planned.
Oriel Jean was a key witness in a judicial case linking former President Jean Bertrand Aristide to drug trafficking and money laundering in the United States as well as a key witness in two judicial cases in Haiti implicating Aristide: one in the killing of journalist Jean Dominique and the other on money laundering, drug trafficking and corruption.
The wheels of Haitian justice are turning slowly, but surely. Since the Superior Council of Judiciary Power (CSPJ) was installed three years ago under new rules that no longer allow them to be fired by the Executive Branch, Haitian judges have demonstrated a newfound courage in the pursuit of justice and have developed a new level of independence that is healthy for Haiti’s democratic development. But it is an uphill battle for these judges. They are facing dangerous threats from those with power and money and an aggressive and powerful lobbying campaign in the U.S. seeking to protect corrupt foreign interests linked to the Haitian mob bosses and economic cartels.
Inside the Aristide Trials
After Jean’s arraignment and trial he was sentenced by U.S. District Judge Jose Martinez in 2005. His prison sentence was reduced by a plea deal in which he provided extensive firsthand information on the networks of organized crime, drug trafficking and money laundering in Haiti. His testimony implicated former President Aristide in drug trafficking and money laundering. After serving out a two and a half year sentence, he returned to Haiti in 2012.
Meanwhile in Haiti, Aristide is facing three indictments and was summoned by two magistrate-investigating judges in 2011, 2012 and 2013. The first indictment was issued by Judge Ivickel Dabresil who is trying the case on the murder of Jean Dominiquein 2011. One of the key witnesses in this case was Oriel Jean who provided testimony on how Aristide planned and killed Dominique. After a lengthy investigation, Judge Dabresil ordered the indictment and detention of nine Aristide associates implicated in the murder:
· Mirlande Liberus the former head of Aristide’s “democracy foundation” now in Florida, protected by Aristide lobbyist, lawyer and business associate, Ira Kurzban
· Aristide’s voodoo priest, Annette Auguste, alias Sô Ann, the former deputy mayor of Port au Prince
· Frantz Camille, alias Franco Camille, a well known Aristide henchmen
· Gabriel Harold Sévère
· Jeudy Jean Daniel
· Markenton Michel
· Mérité et Dimsley Milien
· Toussaint Merdique
The court was prepping for the final proceedings when Oriel Jean was executed. SOS Journalists and the Independent Commission to Support Investigations into Murders of Journalists (CIAPEAJ), two organizations leading the charge to seek justice for Jean Dominique, denounced and condemned the assassination calling upon the authorities to ensure that Dominique’s murder does not go unpunished in light of this major setback.
The other trial in which Jean was a key witness was the corruption, drug trafficking and money laundering trial. Judge Lamarre Belizaire conducted a far-reaching investigation that unveiled corruption and kickbacks in Haiti’s telecom sector, which has significant foreign political implications. The investigation revealed stolen state funds, drug trafficking and money laundering. Jean had a wealth of firsthand information as he served as Aristide’s confidante and right hand man at that time.
Aristide’s Violent Response
In the course of the judges’ investigations, Aristide responded with a campaign of violence, intimidation and a well-coordinated public relations campaign in-country and abroad executed by hislobbyists in Washington, DC and Kim Ives his mouthpiece and the same lobbyists and associates he made millionaires during his corrupt tenures as president.
Judge Belizaire’s wife, kids and parents were subjected to violent intimidation and a vicious media campaign in an effort to get him to back down. The judge was directly threatened, and there was an attempt on the life of his warrant server – the same server who delivered warrants to Aristide’s residence. Due to extensive foreign pressure, the Haitian police never executed the warrant.
Manipulating the State Department and Blackmailing the Clintons
Through his lobbyists in Washington, DC, Aristide made it clear to the Haiti coordinator at the US State Department that he and his supporters would “burn down half of Port-au-Prince” if these warrants were executed. Aristide claims that he enlisted US Representative Maxine Waters’ (D-CA) office to press this individual at the State Department into injecting US political pressure into the process by weighing in with the Haitian Government against the trials and warrant executions. Many in Haiti could construe this intervention as U.S. policy only taking people in Haiti seriously if they threaten violence – a dangerous message for the future of democracy.
In addition, Aristide spread the word that he can blackmail those in the US that were involved in the telecom deals when he was President. He has threatened to provide details on the recently surfaced stories about these same individuals’ involvement in asweetheart deal involving Haiti’s USD$40 billion 24 karat gold mine as well as linkages between that concession and the deployment of billions of dollars allocated for recovery from Haiti’s 2010 earthquake.
Among those implicated is Secretary Hillary Clinton’s brother,Tony Rodham. In Haiti, Aristide claimed that the Clinton knew about the gold mine since 1994 when the former President instructed the US military to blow up the Bossa Mountain in the North East of Haiti. In April 2014, Aristide sent Newton St Juste, a lawyer from his Lavalas party, to the Haitian General Accounting Office to request an investigation into former President Bill Clinton and former Secretary Clinton’s oversight of the $4 billion donated by the State Department to Haiti and the funds collected by the Clinton Foundation for Haiti from Algeria ($500,000), Qatar ($20 million), and other foreign countries. There are questions about the multilateral funds they received from theIDB, World Bank and other institutions. And, there are further questions about private funds donated by wealthy individuals, including Mexican billionaire Carlos Slim and Canadian Mogul Franck Giustra who each gave $100 million.
The tragedy here is that this was real money; money that could have been a game changer in Haiti. Yet after all this money was collected and all the attention brought by the earthquake, by every single person’s account, Haiti is absolutely no better off than it was before. Building Back Better never materialized.
Déjà Vu All Over Again
This is not the first time a witness involved in an Aristide case has been executed. Venel Joseph, Aristide’s former Governor of the Central Bank in Haiti agreed to testify in Miami against him in the Haiti telecom scandal and money laundering. After the Miami Herald wrote about his upcoming collaboration with the US judicial system, he was gunned down in Haiti on the eve of his trip to Miami. Joseph’s son, who was the head of Teleco, was already cooperating with Miami judicial authorities and provided substantial information as part of a plea deal. Joseph had detailed information on and extensive involvement in the kickbacks given during his tenure as Haitian Central Bank Governor and his role as Chairman of the Teleco Board of Directors.
In another instance, Aristide had prominent businessman Bernard Lauture killed, and when his wife tried to seek justice for her husband’s murder in Haiti, Aristide sent one of his henchmen to threaten her saying that if she pursued the case, he would have her children killed next. Mrs. Lauture fled the country with her children and pursued justice from Europe. She was able to get partial justice because the French Government extradited one of the Aristide’s henchmen involved in the killing, Amaral Duclona, was sentenced to jail for the murder of a French Consul in Haiti. Madame Lauture’s public testimony over Haitian radio is available here.
Each time Aristide orders a hit, he tries to cover his tracks by using his propaganda machine to fabricate stories of a poor persecuted priest that enjoys the popular support of the people. This time after Oriel Jean assassination his chief story fabricator, Kim Ives, has already pushed out a story about how US intelligence killed Oriel Jean. With no evidence or motive, this lie is meant only to engage the fringe groups that support Aristide in the US and Haiti.
To What End?
The end game for Aristide is to create enough chaos so he can forge a coup against President Michel Martelly and reinstate his regime. He envisions installing his wife, who is an American citizen and legally unqualified to serve, as the figurehead. His efforts to evade justice are part of a multi-pronged strategy leveraging violence and undermining the organization of Haitian elections while turning Martelly into the fall guy for the failure to organize the municipal and Legislative elections.
Meanwhile, Haitians continue to reject him despite the external pressure of the corrupt foreign interests that Aristide is blackmailing. Upon his return from exile in 2010, the Haitian people welcomed him back by looting his home – stealing even the mangoes on the trees – the night before his arrival. And, his Lavalas party enjoys about a 5% approval rating.
In spite of Aristide’s violent campaign, Haiti’s electoral process is moving forward. The Provisional Electoral Council (CEP) is in place and the electoral decree has been issued. The final electoral calendar will be published next week. And so, Haiti is once again at a critical, fragile juncture. While Aristide may believe that his violence and intimidation will work as it has over the past two decades, Haitians are proving him wrong. Judges are standing up for justice, and the people are standing down from their support of his leadership, which by every measure was a complete failure. Like rulers before him who employed violence, executions, intimidation, threats, blackmail, Aristide truly believes that he is above the law and is seemingly unaware of the trend toward justice. Perhaps he should study the fate of Saddam Hussein or Hosni Mubarak and watch carefully the fate of Vladimir Putin