Following the study conducted by UN-Environment Haiti, supported by the Ministry of the Environment in January 2017, to identify threats, pressures and constraints underwent mangrove ecosystems in an area of 127.947 ha located in the communes of St Jean du Sud and Abacou. The results of this study revealed that a large proportion of the mangroves with white, gray and black mangroves were attacked by rising tides and affected by high levels of salinity, causing their deterioration and gradual death, a phenomenon aggravated by the passage in the south of Hurricane Matthew in October 2016.
Following these results, UN Environment Haiti supported the Ministry in setting up a nursery of 100,000 seedlings to replace the affected mangroves.
In order to restore the mangrove ecosystem, the Ministry of the Environment, supported by UN Environment, launched last November transplantation of red mangrove seedlings into damaged areas. 35 people, including 8 women living in the buffer zones of this mangrove ecosystem, have transplanted more than 85,000 seedlings into the open spaces of this ecosystem.
Learn more about mangroves :
The mangrove is an ecosystem of marine marshes including specific woody plants that develop in the so-called “foreshore” zone located between the limits defined by the highest and lowest tides. In all mangroves, there are different types of mangroves in the form of shrubs or trees that tolerate the saline environment and develop in the shallow coastal tropical waters. The roots of mangroves limit coastal erosion and protect communities from tropical storms while constituting a fragile ecosystem rich in marine invertebrates and juvenile fish.